Exam Pattern Of UPSC IAS Civil Services Examination – Prelims, Mains, Interview
High in prestige and famous for being the toughest competitive examination all over the country, the IAS exam has a great following, and students from all corners of the country appear for the exam to fulfill their dreams and achieve their goals. The exam is conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) every year and conducts tests in 3 phases: Preliminary phase, Mains, and Interview. The proper understanding of the exam pattern of the exam is crucial as without the proper understanding of it students would not be able to plan their strategy. The exam pattern of the IAS exam is comprehensive and with the rising competition and proper understanding of the exam pattern is needed.
The exam pattern is divided into three parts – Preliminary, Mains, and Interview for a candidate to become a Civil Service Officer all three of the phases must be cleared with great marks. The UPSC releases the dates of the exams on their official website every year (https://www.upsc.gov.in/). To further explain the exam pattern we have provided detailed tables that will help you understand the exam pattern in full detail.
IAS Exam Pattern For UPSC Prelims
The Prelims consists of two papers known as General Studies Paper (GS-1) and Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT), both of these papers are qualifying papers, and candidates who clear these papers are eligible for the next phase of the IAS exam which is the Mains exam. The minimum passing mark for both the tests is 33% and candidates who fail to achieve at least the minimum marks are not allowed to appear for the next exam.
|Sl. No.||Name of the Paper||Nature of the Paper||Type||Duration of the Exam||Questions||Marks|
|1.||IAS Exam Paper – I: General Studies||Merit Ranking Nature||Objective||2 Hours||100||200 marks|
|2.||IAS Exam Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT)||Qualifying Nature||Objective||2 Hours||80||200 Marks|
IAS Exam Pattern for UPSC Mains
The mains exam is the second phase of the IAS exam and consists of 9 papers, out of these 9 papers 2 papers are qualifying papers. All of the papers a descriptive type papers and the minimum passing marks to be achieved for all the papers to be able to move to the next stage is 33% failure to do so will result in the candidate not being allowed to appear for the last stage of the IAS exam which is the Interview.
|IAS Exam Paper||Name of Paper||Duration of the Exam||Marks|
|Paper-A (Qualifying Paper)||Indian Language (One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution)||3 Hours||300|
|Paper-B (Qualifying Paper)||English||3 Hours||300|
● Indian Heritage
● Modern Indian History
● World HIstory
● Indian Society
● Indian Constitution
● Indian Polity
● Social Justice
● Indian Governance
● International Relations
● Indian Economy
● Science and Technology
● Environment & Biodiversity
● Disaster Management
● Ethics and Human Interface
● Emotional Intelligence
● Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration
● Probity in Governance
|Paper-VI||Optional Subject – Paper 1||3 Hours||250|
|Paper-VII||Optional Subject – Paper 2||3 Hours||250|
|Personality Test (Interview)||275|
Here is a list of all of the subjects which are covered in General Studies – I, II, III, and IV.
|General Studies – I||General Studies – II||General Studies – III||General Studies – IV|
|Indian Heritage and Culture||Governance||Technology||Ethics|
|History and Geography of the World||Constitution||Economic Development||Integrity|
|International relations||Security and Disaster Management|
Here is a list of all of the optional subjects:
|Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science||Assamese (Literature)|
|Civil Engineering||Gujarati (Literature)|
|Commerce & Accountancy||Hindi (Literature)|
|Electrical Engineering||Kashmiri (Literature)|
|Mechanical Engineering||Odia (Literature)|
|Medical Science||Punjabi (Literature)|
|Political Science & International Relations||Sindhi (Literature)|
|Public Administration||Telugu (Literature)|
All of the papers except Paper A & B can be written in English or any of the languages listed in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution of India.
The last stage of the IAS exam the Interview is also known as the Personality test is conducted in the UPSC office premise in Delhi, candidates who have learned both the Prleiianry stage and the Mains stage are then summoned by the UPSC into their office in Delhi and a personality tests/ Interview is conducted to judge their basic knowledge and questions are asked about the current affairs, quick thinking, hobbies, etc. A board of competent officers conducts the Interview and candidates are then selected based on their thinking skills and their ability to answer questions asked to them. The board judges a candidate’s mental and social traits by asking them general questions, the board askes questions to candidates so that it can shortlist the best candidates for several Civil Services positions. Candidates who possess great mental alertness, critical thinking powers, clear and logical explanations, the balance of judgment, moral integrity type of qualities are most favored.
Read the UPSC IAS 2019 Official Notification (click here)
Read the Complete UPSC CSE Syllabus (click here)