Disaster Management is a significant topic in the UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE), especially in the General Studies Paper III (GS-III) for the Mains examination. It’s essential for candidates aiming to join various services where a strong understanding of disaster management is necessary. Here’s an overview of the Disaster Management syllabus for UPSC CSE:
Introduction to Disaster Management: This section provides a general introduction to the concept of disasters, their types (natural and man-made), and their impact on society and the economy.
Types of Disasters: Candidates are expected to study various types of disasters, including natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, cyclones, droughts, and man-made disasters such as industrial accidents, nuclear accidents, chemical disasters, and terrorism-related incidents.
Disaster Management Framework: Understanding the disaster management framework in India, including the Disaster Management Act, 2005, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs), and District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs), is crucial.
Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation: This section covers measures taken to prepare for disasters and mitigate their impact. It includes disaster risk reduction, early warning systems, and community-based disaster management.
Response and Relief Operations: Candidates should have knowledge of how the government and various agencies respond to disasters, including search and rescue operations, medical relief, evacuation, and humanitarian aid.
Rehabilitation and Recovery: Understanding the rehabilitation and recovery phase after a disaster is essential. This includes restoring essential services, infrastructure, and livelihoods.
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR): An understanding of DRR strategies and initiatives, including building resilient infrastructure and promoting disaster-resilient practices, is important.
International Cooperation: Candidates should know about India’s participation in international disaster management efforts and cooperation with organizations like the United Nations, SAARC, and ASEAN.
Case Studies: Familiarity with specific disaster incidents in India, their causes, responses, and lessons learned is beneficial.
Role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs): Candidates should understand the role of NGOs and civil society in disaster management and relief efforts.
Recent Developments and Current Affairs: Staying updated with recent developments in the field of disaster management and contemporary issues is essential.
To prepare for this subject, candidates can refer to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines and reports, government documents, and relevant books and academic material on disaster management. Additionally, practicing answer writing and case studies related to disaster management is important for the UPSC CSE Mains examination. Staying informed about recent disasters and disaster management initiatives both in India and globally is crucial for scoring well in this subject.